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MPC to Be Renamed ‘National Reconciliation and Peace Center’

Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma’s state counselor and de facto leader of the new National League for Democracy (NLD) government, has proposed renaming the Myanmar Peace Center (MPC) as the National Reconciliation and Peace Center (NRPC). Full article here

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SNLD negotiates deal with Shan rebels

The Shan State Progressive Party (SSPP) and the military are coordinating to remove camps in Tangyan in Shan State, according to the joint secretary of Shan National League for Democracy (SNLD), Sailaik. Full article here

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ALP Spokesman: Party Members Threatened With Arrest

Central executive committee members of the Arakan Liberation Party (ALP), the political wing of the Arakan Liberation Army, were threatened with arrest by Col. Htein Lin, the security and border affairs minister of Arakan State, ALP spokesman Khine Myo Tun said on Thursday. Full article here

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Karen Troops Fight Alongside Arakan Army

After days of traveling from Karen State, Col. Saw San Aung and dozens of troops arrived in Arakan State last week to help the Arakan Army (AA) fight the Burma Army. Full article here

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State Counsellor to lead peace initiative

State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will discuss peace initiatives with the Union-level Cease-fire Joint Monitoring Committee (JMC) today, according to a Global New Light of Myanmar report quoting Lt-Gen Ya Pyayt the chairman of the Joint Monitoring Committee. Full article here

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Peace activists call on authorities to intervene over Shwedagon incidents

Interfaith peace activists are calling on Yangon’s new regional government to respond to a campaign by nationalist monks to evict Muslim vendors from the area of Shwedagon Pagoda, the nation’s spiritual epicentre. Full article here

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ANP, ALP urge end to hostilities in Arakan

Lawmakers from the Arakan National Party (ANP) are planning to submit a proposal to parliament urging an immediate end to hostilities between the government military and ethnic armed group the Arakan Army in western Burma. Full article here

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Despite personnel changes DKBA to continue with NCA process

Despite changes to its military structure the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) will continue to participate in the political process of the nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA). Full article here

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Clashes resume in Kachin State between KIO and army

The past few weeks have seen a resumption of fighting in Kachin state between government forces and troops from the Kachin Independence Army's (KIA). The latest wave of fighting began when the Burma Army troops attached a Kachin Independence Army (KIA) outpost near the group's Laiza capital on Thursday April 7th. Full article here

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Three Armed Groups Opt Out of Talks With Former Govt Peace Delegation

Three ethnic armed organizations actively fighting the Burma Army have decided against meeting a former government peace delegation in the northern Thai city of Chiang Mai next month, according to a leader from one of the groups. Full article here

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The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process. 

EPRP materials are being developed to support the offline capacity development activities of EPRP. The User Guide will help you navigate these resources.

This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:

Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.

Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).

The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.

Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma’s state counselor and de facto leader of the new National League for Democracy (NLD) government, met with eight non-state armed groups and the Burma Army on Wednesday, calling for the convening of a “Panglong-style” peace conference within two months and encouraging all stakeholders to help make that happen.

Speaking in Naypyidaw at a meeting with the Joint Monitoring Committee, a body that monitors adherence to the so-called Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) inked among those present, Suu Kyi said she “didn’t want to take much time before holding a Panglong-style conference.”

Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : 29th April 2016

RANGOON — Three ethnic armed groups that have been actively fighting against the Burma Army in northern Shan and western Arakan states have agreed to meet a former Burmese government peace delegation in the northern Thai city of Chiang Mai next month, according to a leader from one of the groups.

Aung Min, the previous government’s chief peace negotiator, reached out to the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA), the Arakan Army and the Kokang rebel group known as the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), Mai Aike Kyaw, a spokesperson for the TNLA, told The Irrawaddy on Friday.

Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : 25th April 2016

Following the holding of a fourth informal meeting in Chiang Mai, Thailand on March 27, a group of ethnic armed groups from Burma have agreed to hold a summit in the near future.

During the recent meeting, U Khaing Soe Naing Aung of the Arakan Liberation Party (ALP) and Pado Saw Kwe Htoo Win of the Karen National Union (KNU) led the grouping of armed groups that had signed the National Ceasefire agreement. Khoo Oo Reh of the Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) led the non NCA signatory delegation.

Ref : PangLong Published : 5th April 2016

CHIANG MAI, Thailand — Signatories to Burma’s so-called nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA) have formed a new group to engage in the peace process with the incoming National League for Democracy (NLD) government.

The eight non-state armed groups that signed the NCA with outgoing President Thein Sein’s government met at a summit in Chiang Mai, Thailand, and formed the Ethnic Armed Organizations Peace Process Steering Team (EAO PPST) on Saturday. The team intends to provide leadership for the eight signatories during future peace talks.

Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : 29th March 2016

RANGOON — Both signatories and non-signatories of Burma’s so-called nationwide ceasefire agreement have welcomed the country’s new president- and vice presidents-elect.

The United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), an alliance of nine ethnic groups that have opted out of signing the accord with the outgoing government, described the election as a harbinger of positive developments to come as Burma moves toward peace.

Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : 21th March 2016

The government's Union Peacemaking Working Committee will try to encourage more ethnic armed groups to join the peace process, according to vice chairman Aung Min.

He told representatives of the government, Parliament, army, armed groups and political parties at the Myanmar Peace Centre in Yangon that work was needed on the peace process.

Ref: Eleven Published: 22 February 2016

The first five-day Union Peace Conference ended successfully on January 16 with unanimous support for several non-controversial proposals.

Representatives from the government, Parliament, army, ethnic armed groups and political parties discussed politics, economics, social, security, land and environmental issues.

Vice chairmen of the conference, minister Aung Min, Pado Saw Kwe Htoo Win, representing the armed groups, and Tu Wai for the political parties handed concluding documents to Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Khan.

Ref: Eleven Published: 20th January 2016

The Union Peace Conference, as it is formally known, builds on the nationwide ceasefire agreement signed last October and in effect will attempt to lay out a roadmap for negotiations on a reshaping of the country’s federal system.

U Thein Sein had intended the peace process as one of the main legacies of his five-year term. In reality the October 15 pact was neither nationwide nor even a ceasefire as the eight ethnic armed groups that did agree to sign had mostly long laid down their guns under bilateral ceasefire arrangements and were already in the process of being drawn into Myanmar’s economic and political mainstream.


Ref: The Myanmar Time Published: 11th January 2016

These issues are, as follows:

  • The composition and criteria for participation in the dialogue
    The decision-making formula
    Amendments to the framework
    Whether to have a joint working team or separate working teams

Ref: BNI News Published: 9th Dec 2015

The Myanmar Parliament approved an agreement called the Nationwide Ceasefire Accord (NCA) with eight ethnic armed groups on Tuesday, but it doesn’t mean the end of fighting.

The largest break-away ethnic armies did not take part in the accord, which was signed by President Thein Sein in October.The key rebel armies – the Kachin Independence Army, Shan State Army and United Wa State Army – failed  to sign the agreement. A key issue for the holdout factions was demands for autonomy in the resource-rich areas of northern and eastern Myanmar. 

Ref: Mizzima Published: 10th Dec 2015

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Slavery and trafficking: ugly, evil businesses that undermine the most basic human rights and must never be tolerated.

The news this week that Myanmar journalist Esther Htusan and her colleagues at Associated Press were awarded a Pulitzer Prize for their investigation into slavery in the Southeast Asian fishing industry – an expose which led to international intervention, the freeing of over more than 2000 slaves and the arrest of a dozen people – is a cause for great celebration.

Ref : Myanmar Times Published : 25th April 2016

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A pledge for more women in leadership roles and in the ongoing peace process has been demanded by the Karen Women’s Organisation.

The call coincided with International Women’s Day on 8 March, a day to celebrate women’s achievements and shine a spotlight on gender inequalities that span from violence against women to a lack of women in leadership roles.

Ref : DVB Published : 11th March 2016

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CHIANG MAI, Thailand — As part of a push to include more women in Burma’s peace process, women peace advocates held a three-day strategic dialogue with civil society leaders who are working toward the advancement and empowerment of women. Full article here

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For an event where only 7 percent of the 700 attendees were women, Myanmar’s first peace conference achieved a milestone on gender issues. Full article here

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For much of the first 20 years of her life, Maran Ja Seng Hkawn was raised by her grandmothers in Kachin, Myanmar’s northernmost state, without her parents or siblings by her side and under the scrutiny of military intelligence. Full article here

 

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There has long been a need for a deeper understanding of the intersections of gender, ethnicity and other identities in peace-building and democratisation. Progress on the rights of women and the participation by women’s organisations in conflict resolution and national reform are vital if sustainable peace and democracy are to be built within the country.

Myanmar has suffered from decades of civil war and military rule. Addressing the structural roots of violence, including gendered inequality, are crucial in order to build a sustainable peace. It is essential to analyse conflict, violence and human insecurity within a social context that is shaped by gender inequality. Women are involved in and affected by civil war as victims, survivors and agents of conflict and peace in specific ways which are often different from the experiences of men.

Ref:TNI Published: 13 January 2016

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The South East Asian nation of 52 million people had been largely closed to the outside world for about 60 years until 2012, when it began making changes.

Despite the spread of the internet into the lives of ordinary people in Myanmar, and an influx of foreign organisations, there is still a range of taboo topics and bizarre misconceptions.

Ref: ABC Published: 9th Dec 2015

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Q: With so few female MPs elected in Arakan State do you think there is a gender imbalance?

A: It is unbalanced. Even so we invited women in the Arakan State (to join the party). Anyone could contest the election in our party, but only five or six female candidates were selected. Out this only two female candidates won seats. Women need to get more involved in politics and run in the election.

 

Ref: BNI News Published: 29th Nov 2015

 

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Female candidates in Kachin State contested the recent election but few of them won seats.  In total, 67 ran but only 8 were successful. Half were from the National League for Democracy (NLD), according to voting results released by the Union Election Commission (UEC). Full article here

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To discuss an initiative resulting from a previously signed MOU, the Head of the Gender Election Observation Mission (GEOM), Ms. Sabra Bano, met with U Tin Aye, Chairman of the Union Election Commission of Myanmar (UEC) at its headquarters in Nay Pyi Taw, a statement from the mission said on 7 November.

The meeting, attended by UEC commissioners and GEOM members, was the only UEC meeting with an international observation team that focused solely on the role of gender in the election of 8 November.

 

Ref: BNI  Published 8th Nov 2015

Peace Resources

EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.

Videos

  • The Peace Process: Should the names for states geo-based or ethnic based? https://t.co/p81XiILll3 https://t.co/kIfpKSyZai 29 Apr via Twitter Web Client
  • MPC to Be Renamed ‘National Reconciliation and Peace Center’ https://t.co/i8TAGSLlGa https://t.co/TgcANhTGTb 29 Apr via Twitter Web Client
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