The United Nationalities Alliance (UNA) and the National Brotherhood Federation (NBF), both umbrella organisations of ethnic political parties, have been invited to attend Maijayan Ethnic Summit, according reports from the UNA and NBF. Full article here
The NLD-led government formed an 11-member National Reconciliation and Peace Centre (NRPC) Monday, led by State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, according to an announcement of the President's Office published in state media. Full article here
Delegates of the armed groups, including those that did not sign last October's nationwide ceasefire agreement, met in the Thai city of Chiang Mai and agreed to hold a summit of rebel armies in Maijayan, Kachin State, from July 26 to 29, according to Khun Sai, an adviser to the Restoration Council for Shan State. Full article here
A recent landmine fatality and increased activity by hostile ethnic armed groups in Shan State’s Mine Ton township has led more than 320 villagers in the Mong Maw village tract to flee to Namtu township, seeking refuge in Shwe Myin Thar monastery, villagers told the presiding sayadaw. Full article here
The three participants in the 1947 Panglong conference were all among the last to rebel, staying loyal to the government and even fighting other ethnic insurgencies as members of the union armed forces, wrote Matthew Walton, in his paper for Asian Survey, November-December 2008 issue. Full article here
Burma’s national League for Democracy (NLD) government has announced a 21st Century Panglong Conference (21CPC), scheduled for the end of August, to address the country’s decades-long ethnic conflict and the need for national reconciliation. The idea for this 21CPC was first mentioned by Aung San Suu Kyi, who as state counsellor is now the de facto leader of the government, in late 2010. Full article here
TNIs most recent article summarizes current views on Land in Myanmar from three perspectives, National Land Use Policy, NLD and the KNU new land policy.
This briefing draws upon a three-year collaboration between Saferworld and civil society networks in Kachin state and in Karen areas of southeast Myanmar and contends that the perceptions and priorities of communities directly affected by conflict should be at the heart of what it means to be conflict sensitive. It highlights key concerns that emerged from conflict-sensitivity assessments by local stakeholders and reflections arising from the subsequent dialogues held with international actors. Original link here.
The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process.
This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.
Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).
The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.
Government negotiators have invited the United Wa State Party/United Wa State Army (UWSP/UWSA) and the National Democratic Alliance Army-Eastern Shan State (NDAA-ESS), also known as the Mongla army, to attend the Union Peace Conference (21st Century Panglong Conference) and to participate in the efforts of the nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA), said retired Lt-Gen Khin Zaw Oo, a member of Preparation Committee-2 for holding the Union Peace Conference.
A peace delegation led by Dr Tin Myo Win made a trip to Mongla in eastern Shan State on June 17 and held separate meetings with representatives of the UWSP/UWSA and the NDAA.
Ref : Eleven Published : 21st June 2016
The new peace negotiating team created by the NLD-led government will have an informal meeting with the ethnic armed organisations that did not sign the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA), on 3 June in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
The United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) held a meeting on 1 June in Chiang Mai, Thailand and decided to meet with the government peace team. Most member organisations of the UNFC did not sign the NCA.
Ref : Mizzima Published : June 3rd 2016
A 4 men team to hold peace talks with ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) yet to sign the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) will be arriving in Chiangmai on a 3-day mission, 2-4 June, according to government and rebel sources.
The team will be headed by Dr Tin Myo Win, the new chief negotiator appointed by State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi. Members will include U Hla Maung Shwe, Secretary of the newly formed 21st Century Panglong Conference Preparatory Committee and former special advisor to the now defunct Myanmar Peace Center (MPC), Lt-Gen (ret) Khin Zaw Oo, and an unnamed member of the Preparatory Committee.
Ref : PangLong Published : June 1st 2016
The government-appointed preparation committee for holding the Union Peace Conference (the 21st Century Panglong Conference) said it will be able to meet any ethnic armed groups that have not signed the nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA) without any preconditions.
The preparation committee is trying to begin negotiations with NCA signatories and non-signatories after forming two sub-committees.
Ref : Eleven Published : May 31th 2016
Government peace negotiator Dr. Tin Myo Win will meet with leaders of the ethnic armed organizations that did not sign 2015’s so-called nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA) later this week in an effort to include them in the peace dialogue process.
A “Panglong-style” peace conference is scheduled to convene in July and the current National League for Democracy (NLD)-led government has been unclear as to which groups will be invited.
Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : May 31th 2016
The Burma Army supports the government’s proposed “Panglong-style” peace summit, but continued political participation rests on the country’s stability, said Commander-in-Chief Snr-Gen Min Aung Hlaing, during his meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry in Naypyidaw on Sunday.
The meeting followed talks between Kerry and Burma’s foreign affairs minister and de-facto leader, Aung San Suu Kyi.
Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : May 24th 2016
Shan State Progress Party/Shan State Army (SSPP/SSA) has urged the Ta'ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) and the Restoration Council of Shan State/Shan State Army (RCSS/SSA) to find ways to stop fighting between the two groups – the RCSS/SSA and the TNLA.
The statement of SSPP/SSA, which is dated May 7, says, “Fresh fighting broke out between RCSS and TNLA, and we strongly urged both sides to find a solution as soon as possible via peaceful dialogue rather than military action.”
Ref : Mizzima Published : 10th May 2016
The Karen National Union (KNU) and Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS) held private talks here over the weekend about a second “Panglong-style” peace conference, an idea proposed by State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi last week.
“As the state counselor focuses on federalism, we are discussing what this Panglong conference should include, as well as the country’s current political landscape,” KNU Maj-Gen Saw Issac Po told reporters in the northern Thai city.
Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : May 4 2016
At a meeting chaired by Suu Kyi and involved representatives of the government, military and Reconciliation and Peace Center (NRPC), it was agreed to undertake works related to the formation of NRPC and preparations to hold a 21st-century ethnic conference identical to the historical Pinlong Conference.
Ref : Xinhua Published : 10th May 2016
Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma’s state counselor and de facto leader of the new National League for Democracy (NLD) government, met with eight non-state armed groups and the Burma Army on Wednesday, calling for the convening of a “Panglong-style” peace conference within two months and encouraging all stakeholders to help make that happen.
Speaking in Naypyidaw at a meeting with the Joint Monitoring Committee, a body that monitors adherence to the so-called Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) inked among those present, Suu Kyi said she “didn’t want to take much time before holding a Panglong-style conference.”
Ref : The Irrawaddy Published : 29th April 2016
The news this week that Myanmar journalist Esther Htusan and her colleagues at Associated Press were awarded a Pulitzer Prize for their investigation into slavery in the Southeast Asian fishing industry – an expose which led to international intervention, the freeing of over more than 2000 slaves and the arrest of a dozen people – is a cause for great celebration.
Ref : Myanmar Times Published : 25th April 2016
The call coincided with International Women’s Day on 8 March, a day to celebrate women’s achievements and shine a spotlight on gender inequalities that span from violence against women to a lack of women in leadership roles.
Ref : DVB Published : 11th March 2016
CHIANG MAI, Thailand — As part of a push to include more women in Burma’s peace process, women peace advocates held a three-day strategic dialogue with civil society leaders who are working toward the advancement and empowerment of women. Full article here
For an event where only 7 percent of the 700 attendees were women, Myanmar’s first peace conference achieved a milestone on gender issues. Full article here
For much of the first 20 years of her life, Maran Ja Seng Hkawn was raised by her grandmothers in Kachin, Myanmar’s northernmost state, without her parents or siblings by her side and under the scrutiny of military intelligence. Full article here
There has long been a need for a deeper understanding of the intersections of gender, ethnicity and other identities in peace-building and democratisation. Progress on the rights of women and the participation by women’s organisations in conflict resolution and national reform are vital if sustainable peace and democracy are to be built within the country.
Myanmar has suffered from decades of civil war and military rule. Addressing the structural roots of violence, including gendered inequality, are crucial in order to build a sustainable peace. It is essential to analyse conflict, violence and human insecurity within a social context that is shaped by gender inequality. Women are involved in and affected by civil war as victims, survivors and agents of conflict and peace in specific ways which are often different from the experiences of men.
Ref:TNI Published: 13 January 2016
Despite the spread of the internet into the lives of ordinary people in Myanmar, and an influx of foreign organisations, there is still a range of taboo topics and bizarre misconceptions.
Ref: ABC Published: 9th Dec 2015
A: It is unbalanced. Even so we invited women in the Arakan State (to join the party). Anyone could contest the election in our party, but only five or six female candidates were selected. Out this only two female candidates won seats. Women need to get more involved in politics and run in the election.
Ref: BNI News Published: 29th Nov 2015
Female candidates in Kachin State contested the recent election but few of them won seats. In total, 67 ran but only 8 were successful. Half were from the National League for Democracy (NLD), according to voting results released by the Union Election Commission (UEC). Full article here
To discuss an initiative resulting from a previously signed MOU, the Head of the Gender Election Observation Mission (GEOM), Ms. Sabra Bano, met with U Tin Aye, Chairman of the Union Election Commission of Myanmar (UEC) at its headquarters in Nay Pyi Taw, a statement from the mission said on 7 November.
The meeting, attended by UEC commissioners and GEOM members, was the only UEC meeting with an international observation team that focused solely on the role of gender in the election of 8 November.
Ref: BNI Published 8th Nov 2015
EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.