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More than 100 MPs set to debate constitution report
Debate over the controversial sections of the 2008 constitution that bar Daw Aung San Suu Kyi from the presidency and give the military a veto over reform looks set to intensify, after the committee set up to review the constitution reported to hluttaw last week. Full article here.
Shan Party calls for early political dialogue
The Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD)—a major Shan political party—has urged the Burmese government and armed ethnic groups to start political dialogue as soon as possible in order to end armed conflict in Burma. Full article here.
Thein Sein to host quadripartite talk
Burma’s President Thein Sein announced plans on Wednesday to hold a meeting between representatives of the government, parliament, military and political parties. Full article here.
Karen Leadership puts problems on Hold
A recently concluded meeting of the Karen National Union (KNU) revealed a dominant element within the group’s fractured leadership, as it announced on Wednesday that it will postpone the unification of Karen armed forces and remain on leave from Burma’s main ethnic coalition, the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC). Full article here.
The main barrier to peace talks is the roadmap for the political dialogue and not troop deployments, Dr Salai Ngun Cung Lian of the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team (NCCT) said. Full article here.
The government’s chief negotiator has generated controversy by warning in a speech to parliament that international funding for the peace process could dry up unless a nationwide ceasefire agreement is signed. Full article here.
Drugs and Alcohol factsheets Date: Published in February 2014 These 3 factsheets have been prepared by EPRP in response to various ethnic communities having identified increasing trading and using of drugs in their areas after ceasefires and appealing for help with creating programs to prevent drug abuse and related social problems.
EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar
Gender and Peace
Information for communities affected by the peace process in Myanmar.
The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process.
This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.
Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).
The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.
Burma’s President Thein Sein announced plans on Wednesday to hold a meeting between representatives of the government, parliament, military and political parties. Which will take place at the presidential residence in Naypyidaw on 31 October. The meeting will focus on the peace process, national reconciliation and the country’s reform efforts. The meeting is due to be attended by the following 14 individuals: President Thein Sein and his two vice-presidents; parliamentary speakers, NLD Chairperson Aung San Suu Kyi; the military’s Commander-in-Chief and Vice-Commander-in-Chief, Union Election Commission Chairman, SNLD Chairman Khun Htun Oo; Shan State Nationalities Democratic Party Chairman Sai Aik Pao, the National Democratic Force Chairman Khin Maung Swe, Than Tin from the National Unity Party; and USDP party.
Ref, DVB News, Publish Oct, 29 2014
The Burmese government’s Union Peacemaking Work Committee (UPWC)—the body in charge of negotiating with Burma’s armed ethnic groups—has suggested setting up a joint liaison body with the Shan State Army-North (SSA-N) to prevent further hostilities in Shan State. The SSA-N met with the UPWC on Saturday at the Burmese army’s Northeast Regional Military Command headquarters in the Shan State town of Lashio, where lower house MP Thein Zaw from the UPWC proposed the government’s plan to form a liaison team that would include: regional police and military commanders; the minister for border and security affairs; and SSA-N officials.
Ref : DVB News, Publish 21 Oct, 2014
The secretary of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy U Sai Nyunt Lwin has voiced his concern that the planned 2015 general election could be delayed due to military clashes and deployments in eastern Myanmar and some border areas. On October 15, the secretary discussed the topic of the 2015 election on the second day of a seminar exploring the views of civic organizations about Myanmar’s reform process. The gathering was entitled, Seminar of Civil Organizations on the Political Transition Process, and was held in Insein, Yangon. U Sai Nyunt Lwin claimed some political analysts feared there would be a postponement or delay in holding the general election at the end of 2015.
Ref : Mizzima, Publish, 16 Oct, 2014
Ceasefire watchdogs works for northern Shan and Kachin state is underway to form “ceasefire watchdog groups” by the end of this year to monitor clashes between ethnic and government troops, said Maran Gyaw Gun, peace process assistant manager of the Nyein Foundation, based in Myitkyina, Kachin State on October 13. According to the Nyein Foundation, the groups are to focus on monitoring the movements of troops on both sides, collect information on how they liaise with each other, and submit reliable evidence on the actions and loss and injury of people involved in the conflicts.
Ref : Mizzima, Publish Oct 14, 2014
Fresh clashes between ethnic armed forces and the Tatmadaw could delay the signing of the nationwide ceasefire agreement, a senior peace negotiator has warned.In southern Myanmar, attacks on the Tatmadaw by unknown assailants in Kayin and Mon states at the end of September drove 300 villagers from their homes, but did not produce casualties. In early October, meanwhile, fighting flared briefly between the Tatmadaw and Shan State Army-North in Kye-thi Township, Shan State. On October 5, the United Wa State Army wrote to President U Thein Sein, army commander-in-chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing and Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann urging an end to the offensive in Shan State.
Ref : Myanmar Times, Publish Oct 9, 2014
Two major ethnic armed groups in Shan state—the United Wa State Army (UWSA) and the Mongla- based National Democratic Alliance Army-Eastern Shan State (NDAA-ESS)—have urged the Burmese military to stop offensives against ethnic rebel groups, actions which they say are detrimental to the peace process. The UWSA spokesperson continued, “Failure to reach a ceasefire agreement and engage in political dialogue will cause further delays in the peace process. Our ultimate hope is to see an end to the civil conflict which has been raging in Burma for over 60 years.”
Ref : DVB, Publish 8 Oct, 2014
Officials of the Myanmar government’s Union Peace-making Work Committee (UPWC) and leaders of armed ethnic groups claim the recent resumption of armed clashes are not harmful to the peace-making process but have negative impacts on the people. The engagements were based on problems between soldiers on both sides at the lowest level, without any intent to disturb the peace talks, according to participants in the ongoing peace talks being held at the Myanmar Peace Center in Yangon on October 2.
Ref : Mizzima, Publish 3 Oct, 2014