Shan State looks like it may get its long-awaited national-level political dialogue later this year. The Restoration Council of Shan State/Shan State Army is preparing to hold an ethnicity-based dialogue in either October or November, ahead of the third planned…"
The Myanmar army and the Shan State Army (RCSS/SSA), which signed the nationwide ceasefire agreement with the government, clashed in Mongping on Sunday, according to the RCSS/SSA. Full article here"
YANGON — The Shan State Army-South (SSA-S), the armed wing of the Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS), a signatory group of the nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA), clashed with the Myanmar Army on Friday in Shan State’s Hopong Township. Full article…"
2015 ceasefire signatories discuss the peace process with other armed groups in Chiang Mai, Thailand, on July 13.The Peace Process Working Team formed by eight signatories of the 2015 national ceasefire agreement and the nine armed groups in the United…"
The ethnic umbrella organization, the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), will meet with the government’s Peace Commission for informal talks this week and has also, separately, invited delegates from the Northern Alliance to discuss cooperating, according to a spokesperson. Full…"
YANGON – The public needs a strong understanding of federal principles in Myanmar’s changing political landscape, said practitioners at a dialogue on federalism held in Yangon on Saturday. Full article here"
State constitutions: a necessary step forward
A very positive development at the recent 2nd 21st Century Panglong Conference was the agreement that the states making up the future federal union of Myanmar should have the right (?) responsibility (?) to draw up state constitutions.
Ultimately, however, this very constructive development was put on hold due to the demand from the Tatmadaw that such constitutions must not contravene the 2008 constitution.
There is an important federal principle at stake here, namely that state and federal constitutions cannot be contradictory.
But Myanmar does not at present have a federal constitution, the 2008 constitution is that of a ‘union’, not a federal union’.
If the current political dialogue is truly federalist, then clearly states must be allowed and encouraged to freely draw up state constitutions, so that national dialogue can then focus on how draft state constitutions, and the existing 2008 constitution, can all be adapted to meet the needs of a federal union and a federal union constitution.
The Secession Issue
At the recent 2nd 21st Century Panglong conference, the Tatmadaw demanded a non-secession agreement. The predicable response was that some ethnic leaders demanded a secession clause. It would have been better at this stage if no mention was made of secession!
It would be good for all to keep in mind that a secession right was included in the 1947 constitution, precisely because all knew that the new Union of Myanmar was ‘on trial’. Clearly at that time the understanding was that ethnic peoples who had agreed to join the Union were unsure how they would be treated within the Union, so the secession clause was to reassure them.
If the situation after 60 years, is that ethnic peoples in some cases are unhappy with the treatment they have received until now, i.e. not reassured, it is hardly surprising that some feel unhappy with the unilateral un-negotiable demand for a non-secession clause.
It is up to the Tatmadaw and the Government to demonstrate, that things will be different in the new federal union. Only then will the idea of secession die away.
Land and Law in Myanmar ethnic areas
In 2016, Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) conducted two land-rights awareness projects in Shan and Karen States taking land knowledge sharing forums through local partner organisations to many townships and villages. This demonstrated clearly the importance of land law to the many people making up the rural populations of the different ethnic areas of Myanmar. This short opinion piece argues how important it is to ethnic people that land laws ‘fit’ their own local situation and customs.
21st Century Panglong Conference: the sub-national context of ‘political dialogue’ – (continued)
There is an urgent need to establish State based dialogues that can channel local concerns into national political dialogue. Part 3 of the EPRP Opinion series on 21st Century Panglong Conference here.
Rebel armies to attend peace talks
7 non-ceasefire signatory armed groups leave peace conference without reaching agreements in Myanmar
NAY PYI TAW, May 28 (Xinhua) — Seven Northern Alliance non-ceasefire signatory armed groups have left the second meeting of 21st Century Panglong Peace Conference on Saturday for home, one day before the end of the conference in Myanmar, without reaching agreements. Full article here
Peace deal for all closer: govt
Union Peace Discussion Joint Committee members said the Union Peace Summit or 21st-century Panglong had agreed policies acceptable to all armed groups, regardless of whether they signed the 2015 ceasefire. Full article here
Alliance of Ethnic Armed Groups Positions Itself to Meet With Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi
Representatives from Myanmar’s peace negotiating team on Thursday met with a delegation of seven ethnic armed groups from the northeast that did not attend the second day of the government’s key peace talks, the chairman of the administration’s Peace Commission said. Full article here
Banned rebel groups to attend Myanmar peace talks
Myanmar moved a step closer to ending one of the world’s longest-running conflicts on Tuesday when it emerged that three previously barred rebel groups had been invited to peace talks. Full article here
Peace conference opens amid UNFC boycott
Hundreds of delegates from the government, military, civil society and ethnic armed groups have gathered for the opening of the Second 21st Century Panglong peace conference, amid a last-minute boycott by members of a key peace negotiating bloc. Full article here
- Voluntary Return, Restitution And The Right To Land For IDPs And Refugees In Myanmar
- Building Critical Mass for Peace in Myanmar
- Voluntary Return, Restitution and the Right to Land for IDPs and Refugees in Myanmar
- China and Myanmar's peace process
- Housing, Land and Property Restitution in Myanmar
- Taking the Long View of Burma’s Conflicts
- Legal Review of Recently Enacted Farmland Law and Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law
- Land Administration in Myanmar
Opinion & Analysis
Within just a little more than two months, the Tatmadaw or the Military has complained twice in a row of…
KNU training achieves 30 percent quota for female participation
The Karen National Union lauded female participation in a recent, local political training after the course attained a 30 percent quota. Full article here
UN representative makes case for Myanmar women
Women need equal rights to land ownership, jobs, decision-making roles, credit and education in order to unlock impediments to gender parity and create jobs in the country,’’ said the UNFPA representative in Myanmar over the weekend. Full article here
End Impunity for Rapists in Conflict, say Women’s Rights Advocates
YANGON — Advocates for women’s rights stressed the challenges of obtaining justice for the survivors of violence, and called for an end to impunity for rapists in conflict, as they marked the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict. Full article here
As Kachin conflict enters sixth year, trauma and misery linger for displaced women
YANGON — Amid renewed military offensives, and with the latest national peace talks ending in deadlock, a new report on the eve of the Kachin conflict’s anniversary has highlighted the toll six years of violence and displacement has taken on civilian women in Kachin State. Full article here
Minister calls for jobs for female refugees
Shan State refugees sheltering in Myit village in Moegoke in early 2017.Women fleeing armed conflict need job opportunities, minister for social welfare, relief and resettlement Dr Win Myat Aye has told a press conference. Full article here
Health Ministry: One in Five Women Experience Domestic Violence
NAYPYIDAW — One in five women in Burma have experienced domestic violence, according to the first Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS) 2015-16 conducted by Burma’s Ministry of Health and Sports. Full article here