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Ethnic alliance demands right to choose chief ministers
An alliance of ethnic political parties has called for the amendment of Burma’s 2008 Constitution to prevent the president from appointing administrative regional chief ministers. Full article here
Fighting in Kachin State intensifies
Fighting in Kachin State continues unabated according to a report in the Kachin Land News on 24 May.The report states that battles continue to rage between the KIA’s 12th Battalion troops and a combined force of the Burmese Army’s 56th and 86th Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) troops at Nam Lim Pa, La Ait Bum and Nam Hpalang Bum in Mansi Township on May 23. Full article here
Myanmar’s Thein Sein Calls For Extension of Martial Law in Kokang Region
Myanmar’s President Thein Sein on Thursday requested the country’s parliament to extend martial law by three months in Shan state’s Kokang region, where fierce fighting between ethnic insurgents and government troops has displaced tens of thousands of civilians since February. Full article here
Fighting on Burma’s Peripheries to Be at Center of Ethnic Summit
Fighting between the Burma Army and three ethnic armed groups will be at the top of the agenda when a conference of ethnic leaders convenes in rebel-controlled territory of Karen State early next month. See full article
Countless Karen have sacrificed their lives over the course of six decades of civil war. Leaders of the Karen National Union (KNU) once said that if the bodies of those who died in this battle were gathered together, their bones would stand as high as a mountain and their blood would flow like a river. Full article here
Ethnic armed groups appear to have tacitly agreed not to allow the fallout from heavy fighting in Kokang in northern Shan State to delay the signing of the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement, it has emrged. Full article here
The journal, written by a participant, has 53 pages on A-4 type paper plus 99 pages of copies of prepared statements made by leaders of the 12 ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) at the summit conference held in Pang Kham, better known as Panghsang, 1-6 May. The excerpts here are on the whole selected from speeches made by the Wa leaders.
This publication - written in February 2015 - is a joint product of EPRP and MPSI (Myanmar Peace Support Initiative) to explain the roles and functions of the Ceasefire Liaison Offices.
EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar
Gender and Peace
The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process.
This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.
Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).
The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.
The Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team (NCCT) has begun its meeting in Thailand on May 25. The meeting will last for three days and will determine what issues will be discussed at upcoming summit at Lawkhila, located in KNU-controlled territory, said NCCT vice chairperson Padoh Saw Kwe Htoo Win. The NCCT announced that the Lawkhila summit will be held from June 2 to 6, and ethnic armed groups that are not members of the NCCT are also invited. However, the Wa and Mongla armed groups will not attend.
Ref: Eleven Publish: 26 May 2015
Since 16 May, representatives from political parties and armed movements have been holding brainstorming sessions to combine their drafts of framework for political dialogue (FPD). They include those from the National League for Democracy (NLD), United Nationalities Alliance (UNA), “56 parties”, the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team (NCCT), Karen National Union (KNU) and the Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS). According to the draft NCA, the Framework for Political Dialogue (FPD) would be negotiated and agreed upon within 60 days after the signing of the NCA, followed by the launching of the Political Dialogue (PD) within the next 30 days.
Ref: Panglong News Publish: 25 May 2015
The Myanmar government is making efforts to sign a nationwide ceasefire agreement in June, said President’s Office minister Aung Min, who is also the vice chairperson of the Union Peacemaking Working Committee (UPWC) during a meeting with political parties on May 18. “All 16 ethnic armed groups involved in the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team (NCCT) will hold a meeting in Chaing Mai on May 26 and 27. Then, they will hold a summit in the first week of June. I presume the nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA) will be signed in June, after they have reached an agreement at the summit,” said Aung Min. Although the process of signing the NCA is behind schedule due to Panghsang (Pang Kham) summit, the summit was helpful to the process, said the minister.
Ref: Eleven Publish: 21 May 2015
The Nationwide Ceasefire Co-ordinating Team (NCCT) meeting will take place 2-6 June according to posts on social media and the VOA Burmese Service on 21 May. The meeting, to be held at Law Khee Lah in Karen State follows on from an ethnic leader’s summit held at Panghsang, Wa Special Region-2 from 1-6 May.
It is hoped that participants in the meeting can approve or amend a draft nationwide ceasefire agreement that was agreed to on 31 March by the NCCT and the Government.
Ref: Mizzima Publish: 21 May 2015
Myanmar’s armed ethnic groups have called on the government to include all ethnic rebel armies in a final nationwide cease-fire agreement (NCA) and to cease hostilities against three of the groups if the peace deal is to proceed, sources said Thursday. At the end of a six-day summit to discuss a draft NCA at the headquarters of the United Wa State Army in Pangsang, Shan state, representatives of 12 armed ethnic groups released a 12-point statement outlining their demands to government negotiators before a final deal could be signed.
Ref: RFA; Published 7 May 2015
Peace talks involving Myanmar's political parties, representatives of armed ethnic groups and national races affairs ministers are scheduled to take place Saturday at the Inya Lake Hotel in Yangon, sources say. Aung Min, Union Peacemaking Works Committee (UPWC) vice-chairman, will explain the peace process and efforts to complete a nationwide ceasefire deal between the government and the armed ethnic groups, the sources say. The UPWC represents the government in peace talks.
Ref: Eleven Myanmar, published in May 2015
On April 27, the government reached an agreement with the KIO’s conflict resolution team to conduct an investigation into the conflicts in Hpakant and Tanaing regions, according to sources. This agreement came shortly after the meeting between the Kachin State Government - led by the state Minister for Border Affairs and Security Col Than Aung - and the KIO team led by Col Zaw Taung.
Ref: Eleven Myanmar, Published in May 2015